DIY Facial Cleansers For Every Skin Type

beautiful woman's face
DIY skin care, including herbal facials, is a gentle and wonderful way to cleanse, exfoliate, and enhance blood circulation to your facial skin. It also helps protect you from thousands of harmful chemicals lurking in personal care products—even many “natural” ones.
DIY Skin Care Tips

  • Because homemade herbal beauty products do not contain chemical preservatives, they will have a shorter shelf life than their commercial counterparts. To reduce the risk of spoilage, make sure that all the equipment you use to make herbal cosmetics is absolutely clean.
  • Avoid dipping your fingers direction into the mixtures; instead, use a small spatula or other clean utensil.
  • Make herbal beauty products in small batches, and store them in your refrigerator to keep them fresh for as long as possible.
  • To avoid an allergic reaction, test any new herbal product on the inside of your arm before applying it to your face, and avoid getting any cosmetic product in your eyes.
FACIAL CLEANSERS + SCRUBS

Routinely removing accumulated oil, pollutants, and bacteria from your face is essential for obtaining clear skin that glows with good health. Gently cleanse your face once or twice daily.

Use a scrub less often—about once a week—to slough off dead skin cells and stimulate circulation. The mild exfoliating action of an herbal scrub will leave your face looking radiant and feeling baby soft. Be careful, though: Scrubbing too vigorously can leave unsightly blotches, although these will fade with time. If you have sensitive skin, be extra gentle.

Mild Herbal Skin Cleanser

1 cup water
1 teaspoon dried herb or a handful of fresh herbs*
1 tablespoon powdered milk

*Recommended herbs: Peppermint or rosemary for oily skin; fennel for dry skin; rose for normal, dry, and sensitive skin.

1. Make an infusion with the herb and 1 cup of water. To create the infusion, pour boiling water over dried or fresh leaves or flowers, and cover the container tightly to prevent the escape of volatile oils. Steep 10 to 15 minutes, then strain.

2. Allow it to cool to a comfortable temperature, then mix infused water into the powdered milk. Apply the liquid to your face with a cotton ball or cloth, then rinse with cool water.

3. Immediately refrigerate any unused portion; discard after 48 hours.

Herbal Facial Scrub

1 cup rolled oats
⅓ cup cornmeal
⅓ cup dried herbs (such as calendula, lavender, peppermint, rose petals, or a mixture of herbs)
Almonds, clay, or sugar (optional; use alone or in combination to total 1 tablespoon)

1. In a clean coffee grinder, combine the oatmeal, cornmeal, herbs, and almonds, clay, or sugar, if using. Grind the mixture to a fine powder. (You could also use a mortar and pestle.)

2. To use, place some of the mixture in the palm of your hand. Add enough water to make a paste. Apply the mixture evenly over your face, avoiding your eyes. Massage the scrub gently into your skin, using circular motions. Rinse thoroughly.

3. Store the scrub in a tightly sealed container in a cool, dry location for up to 3 months.

FACIAL STEAMS

An herbal steam opens pores and stimulates blood circulation. But for people who have extremely sensitive, damaged, or dry skin, or those who are prone to developing tiny broken veins or capillaries, herbal steams can be irritating and should be avoided unless suggested by a doctor or other health-care provider.

Simple Herbal Facial Steam

½ cup dried herbs (such as calendula, German or Roman chamomile, lavender flowers, orange or other citrus peel, peppermint, rosemary, or rose petals)

1. Bring a 3-quart pot of water to a boil, then remove it from the heat.
2. Add the herbs to the pot of steaming water. Wait a few minutes to allow the water to cool slightly.
3. Place your face about 12 inches above the pot and drape a towel over your head. Allow the steam to bathe the skin of your face for a moment or two. Remove the towel, raise your head, and take a few breaths of fresh air. Repeat the process for a maximum of 5 to 10 minutes. As the herbs steep, the rising steam will open your pores and carry the aromatic volatile oil components of the herbs to your facial skin.
4. To finish, use a cleanser, scrub, or mask if desired, and then splash your face with cool—not cold—water or toner to close your pores.

FACIAL MASKS

Depending on your skin type, a botanical mask can be designed to be a hydrating, emollient, deep-moisturizing treatment, or an astringent, skin-tightening treatment.

You’ll find most of the ingredients you’ll need in your refrigerator or kitchen pantry.

Many fruits and milk products are rich in skin-softening alpha hydroxy acids (AHAs), which make them an excellent addition to facial masks. Other good ingredients for facial masks are aloe vera gel, eggs, pumpkin pulp, and unsweetened cocoa powder.

If your skin is dry, choose ingredients with moisturizing benefits, such as avocado, coconut oil, cream, egg yolks, honey, oats, olive oil, powdered milk, or plain yogurt. If your skin is oily, choose ingredients with astringent or toning effects, such as apple cider vinegar, banana, citrus or cranberry juice, egg whites, green clay (also called bentonite, available in natural food stores), strawberries, or witch hazel. Once mixed, the mask ingredients won’t keep well, so discard any leftovers.

Simple Mask For Dry Skin

2 tablespoons plain thick yogurt
1 egg yolk or 1 tablespoon liquid honey
Few drops coconut or olive oil

In a small bowl, whisk together the yogurt, egg yolk or honey, and oil. Use a cotton ball to apply the mask to your face, avoiding the eye area. Leave the mask on for 10 to 15 minutes. Cleanse thoroughly with warm water, then splash your face with cool water.

Simple Mask For Oily Skin

1 ripe banana
1 egg white
1 teaspoon apple cider vinegar or citrus juice

In a blender, combine the banana, egg white, and vinegar or juice. Blend to form a smooth paste. Use a cotton ball to apply the mask to your face, avoiding the eye area. Leave the mask on for 10 to 15 minutes. Cleanse thoroughly with warm water, then splash your face with cool water.

TONERS

Applying a toner after cleansing your skin helps restore its acid pH and tighten pores. Hydrosols (flower waters created during the manufacture of essential oils) also make soothing, aromatic toners. Witch hazel is an excellent toner for oily skin.

Basic Herbal Skin Toner

1 tablespoon apple cider vinegar or lemon juice
1 cup water

In a small jar, combine the vinegar or lemon juice and water. Splash or spray your face with the toner, avoiding your eyes. There’s no need to rinse; the toner will evaporate quickly. Vinegar toners will keep indefinitely at room temperature. Keep lemon juice toner in the refrigerator for up to 10 days.

Queen Of Hungary’s Water

Handed down through the generations, Queen of Hungary’s water is a classic vinegar-based skin toner that tightens pores, balances pH, and improves skin tone. Herb-infused vinegars, such as this one, provide myriad cosmetic benefits and are remarkably easy to make. Although some modern women may shy away from using vinegar as a skin-care ingredient, herb-infused vinegars have been treasured cosmetics for centuries. In fact, few ingredients are as effective at balancing your skin’s pH. The aroma of the vinegar dissipates quickly and does not linger on your skin. Note—The ingredients and proportions used in Queen of Hungary’s water can vary according to what you have on hand.

Dried calendula
Dried chamomile
Dried comfrey
Dried elder flower
Dried lemon balm
Dried lemon peel
Dried rose petals
Dried rosemary
Dried sage

Place the herbs in a jar, cover them completely with apple cider vinegar, and let them soak (macerate) in the vinegar for at least 2 weeks. Strain. To each cup of herb-infused vinegar, add a half-cup of rose water, available from health food stores, natural grocers, and online herb suppliers. Store Queen of Hungary’s Water in the refrigerator for up to 10 days.

PS:This article was adapted from Rodale’s 21st Century Herbal.

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